Jane Fonda’s appearances in LIFE magazine from 1960 to 1971 track the transformations of an actress finding her voice.

Fonda, born on Dec. 21, 1937, was pictured alongside her famous father when she made the cover of LIFE for the first time in the Feb. 22, 1960 issue. Henry Fonda had starred in such films as The Grapes of Wrath and Twelve Angry Men, among dozens of others, and LIFE heralded Jane’s joining the family business with a fanfare that was positively Olympian: “Like an ancient goddess who was born full-grown out of her father’s head, Jane Fonda at 22 has sprung up almost magically as a full-fledged and versatile actress.”

The line was a reference to Greek mythology which cast Henry Fonda as Zeus and Jane as Athena. It was a lot to live up to. At that point Jane was just making her film debut in a 1960 romantic comedy called Tall Story. Jane played a cheerleader; her costar was Anthony Perkins, best remembered for his performance as Norman Bates in Psycho, released that same year. Tall Story made more of a thud than a splash.

But in 1964 Jane Fonda was featured in LIFE again, when she was in France to film Circle of Love, directed by Roger Vadim. Fonda didn’t make the cover then, but the magazine still gushed in the headline over “Henry Fonda’s lovely, leggy daughter.” The story continued in that frothy vein: “The girl’s look—soft, wheaten-blond hair, a dazzling smile, lovely long legs—is emphatically American and it is a look that knocks Frenchmen dead.”

Fonda let the world know she was all grown when she was back on the cover of LIFE for its March 29, 1968 issue, which trumpeted her performance in the outlandish cult classic Barbarella. (Watching the original theatrical trailer for the movie feels like a piece of sci-fi time travel itself). LIFE’s story on the actress paid much attention to the movie’s director, Vadim, who was now Fonda’s husband. He had previously been married to actress Brigitte Bardot, whom he had directed in And God Created Woman, and another actress, Annette Stroyberg; Vadim also had a child with French screen star Catherine Deneuve. LIFE wrote of Fonda’s union with the director: “She is caught up in an absorbing marriage with Vadim, whose reputation has him more knowledgeable in matters sexual than Kinsey, Freud and Krafft-Ebing, due partly to his many spectacular wives and partly to the films that he makes.” The story also discussed fissures in Jane Fonda’s relationship with her father, with who she was not speaking at the time. (They would later appear together in the 1981 film On Golden Pond, earning an Oscar for him and a nomination for Jane).

The April 23, 1971 cover of LIFE marked the first big story in which the magazine presented Jane Fonda chiefly on her own, rather than in relation to her father or her husband. The cover proclaimed her a “busy rebel” and the story focussed on her newfound activism, opening with this sly sentence: “When her estranged husband, French director Roger Vadim, called her Jane d’Arc, Jane Fonda didn’t smile.”

LIFE greeted Fonda’s political awakening with something less than enthusiasm (and this was before her controversial trip to Vietnam that gave her the nickname Hanoi Jane). The story was headlined “Nag, Nag, Nag,” and reported, “The Hollywood Women’s Press Club gave her its annual Sour Apple Award (for giving the industry a “sour image)” and some say her activities played a part in her failure to get an Oscar for her performance in They Shoot Horses, Don’t They?”

The magazine that had not too long ago swooned over her appearance now noted snarkily, “Long a member of the worst-dressed list, she has reduced her wardrobe to little more than two sweaters and two pairs of jeans, which she carries in a Louis Vuitton bag.”

Fonda’s transformation from ingenue to activist over the course of the 1960s was only the beginning of a fascinating evolution that defies easy summation. In the 1980s Fonda reinvented herself as the country’s leading workout guru, with her exercise videos topping the charts for six years. The outspoken critic of capitalism, after being married to progressive activist Tom Hayden for 17 years, followed that up with a ten-year marriage to media titan Ted Turner (they divorced in 2001).

The most consistent through-line is her acting, which continues fruitfully. She currently costars with Lily Tomlin in the Netflix series Grace and Frankie, which has earned her award nominations and whose seven-season run is set to conclude in 2022.

Jane Fonda, 1956.

Allan Grant/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Henry Fonda with daughter Jane, 1960.

Henry Fonda with daughter Jane, 1960

Leonard McCombe The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda with her father Henry Fonda on the set of Henry’s television show, ‘The Deputy’, circa 1960.

Alan Grant/Life Pictures/Shuttetstock

Jane Fonda in cheerleader costume she wore for her film debut in the movie “Tall Story,” 1960.

Allan Grant/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda played a cheerleader in her film debut, the 1960 movie ‘Tall Story’.

Allan Grant/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Director Joshua L. Logan studying a movie script with actress Jane Fonda, 1959.

Joshua L. Logan, who directed Jane Fonda’s film debut Tall Story and was also a family friend, studied a movie script with her, 1959.

Allan Grant The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Director Joshua L. Logan (center, right) with Jane Fonda (center, left) during the filming of Tall Story

Jane Fonda in California, 1959.

Jane Fonda in California, 1959.

Allan Grant The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda, 1959.

Jane Fonda, 1959.

Allan Grant/LIFE Pictures/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda, 1959.

Allan Grant/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda, 1959.

Allan Grant/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda, 1961.

Gjon Mili/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

LIFE cover published on March 29, 1968 featuring Actress Jane Fonda wearing a space-age costume for title role in Roger Vadim's film "Barbarella." (Photo by Carlo Bavagnoli/ The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

The LIFE cover for the March 29, 1968 issue, featuring Jane Fonda wearing a space-age costume for title role in Roger Vadim’s film “Barbarella.”

Photo by Carlo Bavagnoli/ The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

Jane Fonda on the set of Barbarella, 1968.

Jane Fonda ensconced in the “excessive machine” on the set of Barbarella, 1968. At right is her husband, the director Roger Vadim.

Carlo Bavagnoli / The LIFE Picture Collection

Jane Fonda on the set of Barbarella, 1968.

Jane Fonda as Barbarella, 1968

Carlo Bavagnoli / The LIFE Picture Collection

Jane Fonda on the set of Barbarella, 1968.

Jane Fonda as Barbarella, 1968

Carlo Bavagnoli / The LIFE Picture Collection

Actress Jane Fonda, wearing a space-age costume and holding a space gun, being carried by Guardian Angel (John Phillip) in a scene from Roger Vadim's motion picture Barbarella. (Photo by Carlo Bavagnoli/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

Jane Fonda, wearing a space-age costume and holding a space gun, being carried by Guardian Angel (John Phillip) in a scene from Roger Vadim’s motion picture Barbarella.

Photo by Carlo Bavagnoli/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation

Jane Fonda on the phone, 1971.

Jane Fonda, photographed for a story about her activism, 1971.

Bill Ray The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda at home with her daughter, 1971.

Jane Fonda at home with her daughter, 1971.

Bill Ray The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda (second from the left) picketed a store selling nonunion lettuce, 1971.

Bill Ray/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda appeared at a rally against the Vietnam war with with actor Donald Sutherland, her costar in the movie Klute.

Bill Ray/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda (right foreground, on couch) discussed the Vietnam War with students at Whittier College, 1971.

Bill Ray/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

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