Madre. Maman. Mãe. Oma. Inay. Mutter. Mum. Mor. Mama. However you say it, the word mother conjures up the deepest of emotions.

Here, LIFE.com offers a selection of portraits of famous moms (Jackie Kennedy, Shirley MacLaine) with their kids, and also famous kids (Liz Taylor, Sophia Loren) with their moms and, in a few instances, famous kids with their famous moms (it’s amazing how recognizable baby Liza Minelli is in the hands of her mother, Judy Garland). Owing to the public nature of their lives, some of these relations are famously complicated (see Joan Crawford, the subject of the withering memoir and movie Mommie Dearest). Even those examples underline the uniquely powerful bond between children and their mothers.

Liz Ronk edited this gallery for LIFE.com. Follow her on Twitter at @LizabethRonk.

Jackie Kennedy reads to her daughter, Caroline, in Hyannis Port, Mass., in 1960.

Jackie Kennedy reads to her daughter, Caroline, in Hyannis Port, Mass., in 1960.

Alfred Eisenstaedt The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Judy Garland holds her daughter, Liza, at home in Hollywood in 1946.

Judy Garland holds her daughter, Liza Minelli, at home in Hollywood in 1946.

Martha Holmes The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Elizabeth Taylor on the set of Cleopatra with her daughter, Elizabeth Frances, in Rome in 1962.

Elizabeth Taylor on the set of Cleopatra with her daughter, Elizabeth Frances, in Rome in 1962.

Paul Schutzer The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Elizabeth Taylor and her mother, Sara, in 1948.

Elizabeth Taylor and her mother, Sara, in 1948.

Mark Kauffman The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Shirley MacLaine and her daughter, Sachi Parker, in 1959.

Shirley MacLaine and her daughter, Sachi Parker, in 1959.

Allan Grant The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

The great American contralto Marian Anderson kisses her mother after a concert in Philadelphia in 1937.

The great American contralto Marian Anderson kisses her mother after a concert in Philadelphia in 1937.

Alfred Eisenstaedt The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Burlesque star Gypsy Rose Lee holds her 4-year-old son, Erik Lee Kirkland, during a stopover in her traveling carnival show, Memphis, Tenn., 1949.

Burlesque star Gypsy Rose Lee holds her 4-year-old son, Erik Lee Kirkland, during a stopover in her traveling carnival show, Memphis, Tenn., 1949.

George Skadding The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Shirley Temple with her daughter, Lori, in Atherton, California, in 1957.

Shirley Temple with her daughter, Lori, in Atherton, California, in 1957.

Leonard McCombe The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Ingrid Bergman and her daughter, Pia Lindstrom, in 1959.

Ingrid Bergman and her daughter, Pia Lindstrom, in 1959.

Leonard McCombe The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Sophia Loren with her son, Carlo Ponti, Jr., in 1969.

Sophia Loren with her son, Carlo Ponti, Jr., in 1969.

Alfred Eisenstaedt The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Sophia Loren (right) poses with her mother (center) and her sister, Maria, in 1957.

Sophia Loren (right) poses with her mother (center) and her sister, Maria, in 1957.

Loomis Dean The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Zsa Zsa Gabor and her daughter, Francesca, at home in Bel Air, 1951.

Zsa Zsa Gabor and her daughter, Francesca, at home in Bel Air, 1951.

Ed Clark The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Actress Joan Crawford and her two adopted children on the beach, Monterey, California, 1945.

Joan Crawford and two of her children, Christina and Christopher, on the beach, Monterey, California, 1945.

Peter Stackpole The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Mrs. Robert F. Kennedy with her children, 1961.

Ethel Kennedy with her children, 1961.

Leonard McCombe The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Jane Fonda and her daughter, Vanessa, in California, 1971.

Jane Fonda and her daughter, Vanessa, in California, 1971.

Bill Ray The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Nancy Reagan with Ron Reagan in Pacific Palisades, Calif., in 1965.

Nancy Reagan with Ron Reagan in Pacific Palisades, Calif., in 1965.

Bill Ray The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Natalie Wood and her mother at home, 1945.

Natalie Wood and her mother at home, 1945.

Martha Holmes The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Peggy Lee gets a goodnight kiss from her 4-year-old daughter Nicki, 1948.

Peggy Lee gets a goodnight kiss from her 4-year-old daughter Nicki, 1948.

Allan Grant The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

Mia Farrow reads to her children on Martha's Vineyard in 1974.

Mia Farrow reads to her children on Martha’s Vineyard in 1974.

Alfred Eisenstaedt The LIFE Picture Collection/Shutterstock

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