Many LIFE photographers were at the front during World War II, but no one else could claim that one of his photos helped sink a German vessel. In April 1941, David Scherman (1916-1997) was heading for Cape Town on the Egyptian Zamzam, when it was shelled by a German raider. Scherman took a picture of the raider from a lifeboat, then hid the film. When the Germans discovered there had been Americans aboard, they transferred them to a ship. The Americans were repatriated, and the photo ran in LIFE. The British navy, which had been pursuing such a raider, had the picture posted aboard all ships. Eight months later, a British plane spotted the raider and sank her. In 1953, according to Scherman, LIFE’S Managing Editor Ed Thompson said to him, “l want you to become an editor and claw your way to the top.” Scherman went on to be an editor at LIFE for two decades, the only staff photographer ever to achieve such a switch.
—Adapted from The Great LIFE Photographers