William Vandivert with his camera. (Photo by Grey Carl Mydans/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

William Vandivert with his camera. (Photo by Grey Carl Mydans/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

A Chicago native, William Vandivert (1912-1990) covered a wide swath of the Midwest until LIFE sent him to England for what was supposed to be a six-month tour in 1938. World War II altered his plans. From the first night of the Blitz, Vandivert was out on London’s docks, and for the next two and a half years he recorded the horrific bombing and magnificent stoicism of the English. (He was proud that his picture of a Welsh girl in head bandages got her the specialized surgery she required.) He followed the fighting across the globe and covered China’s Northern Silk Route before returning to Europe and showing the world the first pictures of Hitler’s bunker.

Woolworth strike, Detroit, 1937. (Photo by William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

Woolworth strike, Detroit, 1937. (Photo by William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

Automotive union workers, Detroit, 1937. (Photo by William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

Automotive union workers, Detroit, 1937. (Photo by William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

These two photos from 1937 reflect two different strikes, and LIFE’S very different approaches to them. In the first, 60,000 people attend a “great gathering of labor in Cadillac Square,” part of what is considered by many the most important strike in American history. The picture above is from an installment of “LIFE Goes to a Party.” The story reads, “The newest type of camping excursion is attended not by children of the rich but by members of the working classes… The youngest, prettiest, most prevailingly feminine group … were the 110 girls in Detroit’s main Woolworth store who .. . spent six days in the store. Camp broke up when the girls were granted a 5 cent per hour increase .. . Sleeping on counters like this is part of the fun on the six-day Woolworth camp outing.” 

Adapted from The Great LIFE Photographers

Warehouse where concentration camp prisoners were massacred, Gardelegen, Germany, 1945. (Photo by William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

Warehouse where concentration camp prisoners were massacred, Gardelegen, Germany, 1945. (Photo by William Vandivert/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation)

More Like This

Drawing room at Notre-Dame-de-Vie withPortraits of Picasso and wife Jacqueline taken by David Douglas Duncan (Photo by Gjon Mili/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation) Photographer

David Douglas Duncan

A rhesus monkey sitting in water up to his chest. (Photo by Hansel Meith/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation) Photographer

Hansel Mieth

Models lying on beach to display bathing suits. (Photo by Nina Leen/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation) Photographer

Nina Leen

Children in Halloween costumes running together. (Photo by George Silk/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation) Photographer

George Silk

President Harry S. Truman waving his hat as he holds up a king salmon while fishing with others on Puget Sound. (Photo by George Skadding/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation) Photographer

George Skadding

People walking along the shore of Hydra, Greece. (Photo by James Burke/The LIFE Picture Collection © Meredith Corporation) Photographer

James Burke